United States AI Strategy

American AI Initiative (2019)

Overview of the strategy

The United States’ AI plan indicates key areas of emphasis:

1. Invest in AI research and development – Direct federal agencies to prioritize AI in their R&D budget

2. Unleash AI resources – Direct federal agencies to make Federal data, models, and computing resources more open while maintaining the safety, security, civil liberties, privacy, and confidentiality

3. Setting AI governance standards – Direct federal agencies to guide the development of AI to encourage adoption and trust. Emphasizing NIST’s role in developing appropriate technical standards for reliable, robust, trustworthy, secure, portable, and interoperable AI systems

4. Building the AI workforce – Prioritize fellowship and training programs for increasing skilled workers

5. International Engagement and Protecting our AI Advantage – Develop and implement a strategy to protect US advantage in AI while opening up new markets

Data governance in the strategy

  • Does the AI plan mention data governance?


  • Does the AI plan discuss open public data?

Yes; the strategy directs federal agencies to make federal data, models, and computing resources more open.

  • Does the AI plan discuss proprietary data?


  • Does the AI plan discuss personal data?

Yes; the strategy states that when federal agencies make data open, they must make sure to maintain the safety, security, civil liberties, privacy, and confidentiality of individuals.

  • Does the AI plan discuss the mixing of data (hybrid)?

Yes; the strategy requires federal statistical entities, federal program managers, and other relevant personnel to identify any barriers to, or requirements associated with, safety and security concerns, including those related to the association or compilation of data.

  • Has the government consulted with the public on its AI strategy?

No; however, the United States had a public consultation on the AI Research Strategy in 2016. Moreover, as part of the executive order Maintaining American Leadership in Artificial Intelligence (Section 5.a.i) the White House has opened a public request for information on how federal agencies can better improve access and quality of public data that can be used in AI.

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