France AI Strategy

For a Meaningful Artificial Intelligence: Towards a French and European Strategy (2018)

Overview of the strategy

France’s AI plan indicates six main goals:

1. Opening data. Public authorities must create new ways of producing and opening up data to restore a balance of power between smaller and larger companies. Terms and conditions for access to this data must be set up on public interest grounds. Focus will be put on the healthcare, environment, transportation mobility, and defense-security sector.

2. Promote agile and enabling research. Coordinate an interdisciplinary network across academic institutions in France to attract AI talent and prevent a brain drain to other countries.

3. Future of the labor market. Set up a lab to investigate labor and professional training public policy to anticipate and experiment with the future of work.

4. Environmental issues. France can raise international awareness of the environmental impact of AI. Promote research into making the physical infrastructure of AI more environmentally friendly. And make ecological public data open to the public. 

5. AI Ethics. Create a national advisory committee on ethics for digital technologies and AI to study and give opinions on AI ethics while also facilitating public debate. 

6. Inclusive and diverse AI. Work to close the gender gap in people working in AI and have public authorities take up AI initiatives to tackle social issues.


Data governance in the strategy

  • Does the AI plan mention data governance?

Yes

  • Does the AI plan discuss open public data?

Yes; public authorities must create new ways of producing and opening up data to restore a balance of power between smaller and larger companies. Terms and conditions for access to this data must be set up on public interest grounds. Focus will be put on the healthcare, environment, transportation mobility, and defense-security sectors.

  • Does the AI plan discuss proprietary data?

Yes; public authorities should encourage economic players to share and pool their data, with the State acting as a trusted third party. In some circumstances, public authorities could impose openness on certain data of public interest. 

  • Does the AI plan discuss personal data?

Yes; the use of the GDPR and new laws for data portability will be used to ensure the safeguarding of personal data.

  • Does the AI plan discuss the mixing of data (hybrid)?

Yes; the strategy suggests creating sector-specific pooling platforms where various actors could combine their data.

  • Has the government consulted with the public on its AI strategy?

Yes; preparations for the strategy included a public consultation in partnership from Parlement & Citoyens in which 1,639 people participated.